What are the Main Topics for UPSC?

The UPSC Examination is one of the most prestigious exams in this country. There are three stages in UPSC Exam that candidates must go through which are the Prelims, the mains, and the interview round.

UPSC syllabus is vast and before taking the first step towards your preparation, aspirants must be aware of the UPSC Syllabus that is described below. It is important to understand the topics included in the syllabus for productive exam preparation.

What are the topics in the UPSC syllabus?

The syllabus is the best way to figure out what might be the pattern of the examination, what kind of questions can be asked, and what might be the crucial topics under it. The syllabus is split into two categories: the first one is the Preliminary exams and the second is the Mains exams.

The Prelims is said to be the qualifying stage and it consists of two papers General Studies and CSAT. The UPSC CSAT Syllabus will be discussed further in this article.

  • General Studies 1 includes all the National and International Current happenings, Art and Culture, Brief History of this nation, Regional and Global geographical details on various topics such as Water Bodies, Ice, Locations, and more, Indian Political system, Constitution, Rights, Policies, Panchayat system, etc, Economic/Sustainable Development, Demographics, Poverty, Public Finance, Rates, Population,  Environmental Ecology, Climate Changes and General Science.
  • General Studies 2 covers the aptitude test which is also known as CSAT.

As Mains exams are, the descriptive stages consist of nine papers. Paper A and B are the qualifying rounds that contain similar topics like Comprehension, Short Essays, Vocabulary, Indian Languages, Vice-Verse, Precis Writing, and Translations. Candidates can write Essays according to their choices as the list which will be provided to them during the examination in Paper 1.

  • GS Paper 1 includes Literature, Modern and ancient Architecture, in History. Freedom Stage, Post Independence, 18 Century’s history, World War, Industrial Revolution,  and Politics effects on society.
  • General Studies 2 includes in-depth knowledge of Regional and Global Relations, Social Justice, the Constitution, and other topics.
  • Innovation, Disaster Management, Ecosystems, Economics, Internal Security, and other key aspects are covered in General Studies 3.
  • General Studies 4 covers every aspect of Ethics and Aptitude. Finally, the alternate subjects are entirely up to the candidates’ discretion on what to choose and what to not as per their understandings and strengths.

Important topics under UPSC GS 2 CSAT Syllabus

The Civil Service Aptitude Test ( CSAT ) is part of the Prelims examinations for testing the candidate’s analytical skills.

  • Things to study in the subjects are Comprehension, Reasoning (Mathematical operations, Coding, Decoding, Classification, Logical diagram, Table Chart, Puzzles, Lines, Artimentical reasoning ), Hindi, Maths ( Simplifications, L.C.M AND H.C.F, Square roots, Ratio, proportion, Set Theories, Theorems, Profit and Loss, Permutation, Combination, Probability, Compound Interest, Geometry, and many more related topics.

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