What Are the Different Types of Hearing Loss?

What Are the Different Types of Hearing Loss?
Young man with hearing problems or hearing loss. Hearing test concept. High quality photo

Various types of hearing loss are known, including Mixed, Sensorineural, Presbycusis, and Conductive. Different symptoms characterize each hearing loss.

Sensorineural hearing loss

Symptoms of sensorineural hearing loss include a decrease in the intensity of sound. It is one of the most common types of hearing loss. It can result from damage to the inner ear. It can also result from certain medications or genetic disorders. It is important to diagnose this condition early because it can have a significant impact on the person’s daily life.

In addition to acoustic trauma, SNHL can also be caused by infection. A virus that is commonly associated with SNHL is herpes. This virus can be transmitted from a pregnant mother to a newborn by contact with infected bodily fluids. AIDS patients also frequently experience auditory system anomalies.

The main types of sensorineural hearing loss are noise-induced, acquired, and progressive. It can affect children and adults alike. In fact, it is estimated that one person per hundred experiences SSHL each year.

The aging population is likely to increase the number of people suffering from this condition. The best way to prevent sensorineural hearing loss is to avoid exposure to loud noise.

Conductive hearing loss

Conductive hearing loss results from obstruction in the outer or middle ear, making sound difficult to get through. It can be a permanent or temporary condition. It can be treated with a hearing aid or surgery if it is temporary. In permanent cases, the patient might be referred to an otolaryngologist or neuro otologist.

The Rinne test is an alternative method used to detect conductive hearing loss. It uses a vibrating 512Hz tuning fork on the mastoid process and can identify whether there is conductive hearing loss in one ear. In the affected ear, the tuning fork will be heard louder than in the unaffected ear. If there is a negative Rinne test result, it indicates that bone conduction is better than air conduction.

The Weber hearing test is another alternative method to detect conductive hearing loss. It uses the same vibrating 512Hz tuning fork, but a patient must be able to hear the sound. If the patient cannot hear the sound, there is likely a blockage in the ear canal, which makes it difficult for sound to reach the inner ear. If a foreign body is present in the external ear canal, the clinician may remove it using a curette.

In addition, conductive hearing loss can be due to a perforated tympanic membrane. Often, the perforation will heal on its own. However, if the perforation is severe, it may require myringoplasty surgery to restore hearing.

Conductive hearing loss can also be caused by otitis media, a middle ear infection. This infection can occur in children and is often treated with antibiotics. Other conditions may also result in conductive hearing loss, including an anomalous carotid artery, nasopharyngeal tumor, cysts, earwax, and otosclerosis.

Conductive hearing loss can be treated by surgical intervention, as well as with medications and pharmaceuticals. The patient can also be treated with a cochlear implant. A cochlear implant is a device that consists of a battery, a small microphone, and a small electrode. The device receives sound through the microphone and converts it into sound waves.

Mixed hearing loss

Those who suffer from mixed hearing loss are usually affected by the conductive and sensorineural parts of the hearing system. It can result in hearing loss that is moderate to profound. Those with this hearing loss often have difficulty understanding the sounds around them.

There are many causes of mixed hearing loss. Some causes are age-related. Others can occur due to injury or earwax buildup. It is important to determine the cause of your loss to receive proper treatment.

The best way to find out what is causing your loss is to consult a professional. They can help you determine your hearing loss and provide you with the right treatment. It may be as simple as taking a free online hearing test. There are also hearing aids that can help. These aids are very discreet.

Conductive hearing loss is caused by problems with the ear canal or ear drum. This type of hearing loss can be permanent or temporary. It is also accompanied by fluid in the middle ear. This fluid can block the auditory tube, leading to worse hearing. Allergies, infections, or congestion can also cause the fluid.

Conductive hearing loss can be treated with medical or surgical procedures. If the hearing loss is permanent, hearing aids may be recommended. Those with more severe hearing loss may need to wear behind-the-ear hearing aids.

A diagnostic workup for mixed hearing loss may include imaging studies or an audiogram. An audiogram is a simple test that can be performed in minutes. A good audiogram will show highs and lows in the hearing range. It can also show if you have single-sided deafness (SNHL) or other hearing loss.

Mixed hearing loss is not easy to diagnose. It can result in a combination of other types of hearing loss, such as asymmetrical, symmetrical, or bilateral. It can also occur gradually over time. If you have multiple hearing problems, you should visit the hearing clinic in Merrylands to help you.