A History of Sud-Aviation SE-210 Caravelle Aircraft Accidents

In the 15-year duration in between 1959 and also 1974, there were 19 death generating mishaps, which jointly created 1,018 losses of life.

The first of these taken place on January 19, 1960 when an SAS Caravelle I, registered OY-KRB and also called “Orrn Viking,” tried to land in Ankara, f95zone Turkey, on the last leg of its multi-sector flight that had taken it from Stockholm to Dusseldorf via Vienna, Ankara itself, as well as Damascus with 42 travelers aboard. Its final location was Cairo.

Descending through 6,500 feet, the twin-jet knifed via heavy rain and was socked by substantial winds. The captain, showing nothing wrong, proceeded his approach, reporting that the airport was currently in sight. Yet at 20:48 regional time, or 5 minutes before it ought to have touched down, it hit a hillside, blowing up as f95zone well as splashing wreckage over a 300-square-yard area, which quickly emerged in flame. Although just 3 survivors were rescued as well as drawn from the shattered body, they consequently caught their injuries.

A collectively conduced Turkish-Scandinavian questions disclosed that the aircraft had actually experienced quick altitude loss, coming f95 zone down below its minimum descent altitude, and also resultantly collided with blockages, or, formally worded, “The mishap took place as a result of an unintended descent listed below the authorized minimum flight elevation throughout last method to Esenboga Airport. The reason for this descent, (however), might not be ascertained because of lack of conclusive evidence.”.

The second deadly SE.210 mishap took place four months later, on May 13, 1960, under substantially different conditions. In this, a Caravelle IA operated by Air Algerie and also registered F-OBNI, implemented a technique to Paris-Orly after its trip from Algiers, currently descending with 6,000 feet.

Gotten rid of to go into the pattern for an aesthetic method to Path 20, it was poised to launch its last turn. However keeping a 300-degree heading, a 1,000-fpm descent rate, and also a 260-knot air speed that would certainly f 95 zone prepare it for trailing edge flap extension sequencing, its captain tried to maintain a Convair in sight off his left side. It was also in tower communication and was gotten rid of to land on Path 20-Left. Yet it was not the only aircraft that required to be noted.

The first officer, that was preparing to present his heading information, additionally captured a look with his forward, right window of an open-cockpit Stampe SV-4C biplane signed up F-BDEV that was slightly above the Caravelle’s altitude.

Regardless of incredibly elusive action, which involved a push of the control column, the unpreventable midair accident happened 13 kilometers from the Orly tower. The biplane plowed into the twin-jet’s ahead, upper body, ripping it open and depositing its engine right into it, as if it were a sardine can, and also fzone95 promptly eliminated one guest and damaged 25 others. One of its wheels lodged itself right into the Caravelle’s best engine consumption, right away preventing its 5,100-rpm rotation.

A wonder, which might possibly be credited to the airplane’s layout integrity as well as its pilots’ ability, however occurred when it performed an emergency touchdown after its trip engineer restarted the turbofans, the port spooling as much as 8,000 rpm and the starboard to 5,000, at 04:50 regional time.

The Stampe, making out far even worse, spiraled to the ground as well as instantly eliminated its pilot.

The mishap was condemned on archaic rules that mentioned that both pilots were responsible for staying clear of crashes, yet that the biplane’s right-side location provided it the right-of-way. Nevertheless, jet airplane 95zone speeds and procedures averted the realistic possibility of adhering to them by aesthetic ways alone.

Complying with the pattern relatively established by the first two deadly Caravelle accidents, a 3rd, occurring on September 12, 1961, additionally entailed a landing method. In this, an Air France SE.210-III signed up F-BJBT as well as operating as AF 2005 from Paris-Orly to Rabat and Casablanca in Morocco, consistently followed its trip plan across France, traversing Spain east of f95zon Madrid as well as crossing the Strait of Gibraltar.

Passing the KJ non-directional beacon, which was 800 meters west of the Rabat-Sale Flight terminal, it implemented a 360-degree kip down order lose adequate elevation where to make its strategy, passing the city at a 1,650-foot elevation. At 21:08 regional time, its crew asked for clearance to make a 180-degree turn to make sure that it can obstruct the Runway 04 localizer, meaning to utilize the KI non-directional sign as a backup navigation help. Although the tower recommended it that it was not river hoy according to the intended runway, no confirmation of this truth was returned.